Vaccination in cats and dogs is one of the most frequently discussed issues. In this article, we will try to collect all the thoughts of cat owners about vaccination. First of all, let’s talk about the definition of the vaccine and the way of protection from diseases. Vaccine; They are biological substances given to the body against bacteria and viruses that cause disease in humans and animals. This biological substance is the basis of activating the defense system against it by eliminating the disease-causing ability of the bacteria or virus and giving it to the body. When cats encounter disease-causing bacteria and viruses, their defense systems develop against these agents and produce protective substances called antibodies that destroy the agents.
Here, cats are vaccinated against potentially risky diseases without encountering disease factors, so that they produce antibodies. Thus, cats at risk are protected. Vaccination is carried out especially against diseases that are incurable or difficult to treat and leave permanent damage. Vaccinations are repeated to produce sufficient antibodies in the vaccination against the disease. The protective amount of antibody level is measured by blood analysis and this is called antibody titer. Under normal conditions, natural antibodies are formed in cats that have been caught and survived the disease. These natural antibodies are transferred to the offspring through breast milk and protect the offspring in the first months. However, since the amount of antibodies taken with mother’s milk is not sufficient in kittens that are about two months old, vaccination is required.
Especially since kittens are under the threat of certain diseases, vaccination should be started at an early age. Known and applied mixed vaccine, rabies vaccine, leukemia vaccine are the cat vaccines produced against the most common diseases with little chance of treatment. In order to get the most benefit from vaccines, cats should be free of parasites and stress-free before vaccination. Vaccination is never administered to a living creature with any disease. For this reason, it is essential that the veterinarian performs parasite treatment and examines your cat before vaccination. It is the most common method to start vaccinating kittens at the age of two months, and the kittens that have been freed from parasites are first started with a mixed vaccination program. This vaccination should be repeated after 3 weeks to achieve the highest antibody titer.
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The second vaccine in the kitten vaccination program is the leukemia vaccine, and this vaccine is repeated 21 days later. The most known and feared vaccine is the rabies vaccine, which requires a single dose. The veterinarian determines the vaccination application himself, taking into account environmental factors, disease status and epidemic situation. Vaccination schedule generally applied in kitten vaccination
Kitten Vaccination Schedule
6-8 Weeks Internal and External Parasite treatment
8-10 Weeks Mixed Vaccine
9-11 Week Leukemia Vaccine
10-12 Weeks Mixed Vaccine (Repeat)
11-13 Week Leukemia) Vaccine (Repeat)
12-14 Week Rabies Vaccine
Feline Leukemia Virus, Fiv, is a serious disease with no cure. However, by supporting the immune system with alternative treatments, you can ensure that the infected cat leads a normal life.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) comes from the retrovirus family, which is the same as Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV). Because it moves so slowly, it has been classified by virologists as a Lentivirus. FIV is a virus that directly attacks the immune system and 2%-3% of cats worldwide are infected with this disease. The infection rate of sick and at-risk cats can be up to about 15%.
It is a very deadly viral disease in cats. It shows great compatibility with parvovirus Type2, a DNA virus that causes the disease. It is quite common in groups of cats that are quite common in nature and often live in a particular area. The virus is known to be quite resistant. It stays alive for a few years when the ambient temperature is between 10 and 25 degrees and is resistant to many disinfectants. Panleukopenia virus is affected by sodium hypochloride. Therefore, in the presence of the disease, the materials should be cleaned with bleach.
Rabies (Rabies) invades the brain by attacking nerve cells. Humans and all other mammals can be affected by the rabies virus. The source of the disease is generally wildlife. All cats infected with the virus die or are culled. The disease is caused by the entry of virus-carrying saliva into the body through bites and cracks in the skin. Vaccination is mandatory in our country every year.
After all these vaccines are completed, it is given as a single dose regularly every year. The aim is to ensure the continuity of protection. Apart from these vaccines, there are fungi vaccines made for fungi and included in the vaccination program of almost every physician. Especially those with frequent cat entrances to the house. Families are required to include this vaccine in their program as well. Even though your cat’s vaccinations are kept in a record system, the vaccination record given to you is important. The vaccination made on this report card and the stamp of the vaccinating physician must be processed. In cases of illness, the report card must be carried with the cat when going to the examination.